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Kalamassery is a municipality and is part of Cochin Metropolitan City.
It is situated in Ernakulam district in Kerala state. The name is
derived from ‘Kalabasery’ which is a place from where Kalabam was
brought to Thrikkakara temple. Over the period of time Kalabasery became
Kalamassery. It is a highly industrialized region and is the industrial
centre of Kerala. River Periyar flows through the town.
Geography of Kalamassery
Kalamassery is located at 10.0519694ON 76.3157719o E with total
area of 27 Sq Km. The soil of Kalamassery consists of sediments of
Alluvium, Brown Sand, Teri’s, etc. In these areas, sticky soil of red
coloured is also found.
Climate of Kalamassery
Kalamassery has a tropical climate. Heavy rains from southwest as
well as northeast monsoon are found from June to September. The average
annual rainfall is 350 cm.
Business and Economy of Kalamassery
is a highly industrialized zone of Cochin city. FACT which is India’s
first large scale unit was established in the year 1943 for the
fertilizer production. In the year 1947, it started the production of
ammonium sulphate and has an installed capacity of 10,000 MT Nitrogen.
In the year 1960, it became Kerala’s State Public Sector Enterprise and
in 1962, Government of India became the major shareholder. In the year
1966, FACT Engineering works was established. In Kalamassery, Aluminium
Oxide is also produced. In Kalamassery, Apollo Tyres acquired the
Premier Tyre Plant and HMT is also located in the heart of the town.
south Kalamassery, the production unit of Carborandum Universal
Electro-minerals division is situated. Several vehicle service centres
such as Renault, Toyota, Nissan, Fiat India, Volkswagen are situated in
Kalamassery and the sub division of Kerala State Electricity Board is
also situated here. In HMT colony, Kalamassery Metro Village and Kochi
Metro Casting Yard are situated. Apart from that, Science City, KINFRA,
Startup Village are also situated at Kalamassery. Periyar River water is
supplied to various part of the Cochin by the PWD as well as Kerala
Small scale industries such as Micro Tools, St Antony Industries,
Vellappally Manufacturing Industry, Ambadan Industries, Bajaj, Logwiz,
Pottekattu Rubbers Pvt Ltd, etc are also found in Kalamassery. In South
Kalamassery, perfume manufacturing as well as plastic recycling
industries are found. All these industries offer employment to many
people. For women, Kudumbasree associations offer employment facilities.
Vodafone India’s headquarters is situated at South Kalamassery.
Tourism in Kalamassery
Kalamassery is also a popular tourist destination. It has museum,
science city, temples, churches, etc which attract tourists from all
over the world. Let’s see here about them.
Kochi Science City
Kerala Government’s upcoming project is the “Science City”. It will
be set up near KINFRA and will attract children and will be an
important tourist destination.
This temple is located in Thrikkakara which is a village panchayat
situated near Kochi in Kerala State. It is situated 10 Km to the
northeast of Ernakulam and it houses many lithic records of historical
significance. This temple dedicated to Lord Vamana is mentioned in
several hymns sung by Alwars and in particular Nammalvar who belonged to
seventh to ninth century CE. This temple also falls under 108 divine
places. The temple complex is surrounded by scenic beauty and the
sanctum sanctorum houses Lord Maha Vishnu’s idol.
It has been
governed by Travancore Devaswom Board. The important festival celebrated
here is Onam which falls in the month of August/September. During Onam
feast, people from different religions also take part in it without any
differences. In ancient times, the festival was celebrated by 61 local
rulers called as Naduvazhis under Maharaja of Travancore. The
significance of the celebrations is the people from different
faith/religion taking part in the Onam feast in large number. Thus, they
keep up the spirit of the festival.
The festival is celebrated for ten days during which the
performances of cultural arts such as Ottanthullal, Chakyar Koothu,
Patakam and Kathakali take place. Apart from these, Panchavadyam as well
as Thayambaka are also performed. During this period, each day has its
own significance and many ceremonial rites involving the main deity as
well as other deities such as Lord Ayyappa, Lord Krishna, Rakshassu and
Devi are performed. The Shiva temple situated besides this temple also
takes part in these festivities. The festival is started with the flag
hoisting and ends on the tenth day with the symbolic welcoming of
Mahabali, the Asura King. The closing of the festival is marked by the
lowering of the flag and the bathing of the main idol which is called as
The important aspect of the festival is the Onasadya
which is organized on the last two days of the festival and attended by
over 10000 people belonging to different faith. During this festival,
the main idol is decorated with Chaarthu which consists of ornaments,
sandalwood paste and clothing. During the ten day festival, the idol is
decorated in ten avatars of Maha Vishnu on each day. On the ninth day,
the pakalpooram, a grand procession is held and a similar procession
known as Seeveli is held on the 10th and final day. During the
procession the main deity is carried on the ceremonial elephant around
the temple and the procession is followed by panchavadyam and the eight
elephants that are caparisoned. The procession stops at each gates of
the temple and the idol is returned to the main sanctum and is similar
to the procession held in Guruvayur temple.
Musuem of Kerala History Kalamassery
representations of the historians of Kerala who shaped the culture of
Kerala during the past two thousand years. The museum also has about 150
dolls that are hand-made as well as detailed which represents cultural
and ethnic diversity of India. Young men and women right from Kashmir to
Kanyakumari are represented as dolls here. The art gallery here has
specimens of contemporary paintings as well as sculpture of the past two
hundred years. It also has a mural painting of Shakuntalam, the
Sanskrit drama which is 5 feet wide and 25 feet in length.
Kalamassery Mahaganapathy Temple
This temple is dedicated to Lord Mahaganapathy and the other
deities in the temple include Shiva, Subramaniam, Parvathi, Navagrahas
and Rama. This temple was established in the year 1980 by late Shri N
Ragunatha Menon. For a long period of time, it remained as basic
concrete structure and only in 2000, the temple was renovated based on
the traditional architecture. After the death of Mr Menon, his children
took care of the temple and further renovations were carried out. They
also set up Mahaganapathy Temple Trust. From then on, it became the
prominent place of worship for the people of Kalamassery and surrounding
areas. The deity of Ganapathy and Subramaniam along with Navagrahas are
housed in the two concrete structure located adjacently and faces west.
There are stairs located between these structures which lead to
the shrines of several Gods and Goddesses. The total area of the temple
is 5000 sq ft and there is a Peepal tree in front of the Ganapathy
shrine and the complex also includes the ground found behind the temple.
The temple is located on the Eloor-Kalamassery road. The space between
the front of the temple and the road is so short that it has earned the
nickname of ‘Road-side Ganapathy’. Devotees treat elephants as the
incarnation of Lord Ganesha. On first of Karkidakom month of Malayalam
Calendar, the temple celebrates Ashta Dravya Maha Ganapathy Havana as
well as Aanayoottu every year. The temple also celebrates Gajapooja once
in four years.
Services and Utilities in Kalamassery
Kalamassery is administered by municipality and is situated in
Ernakulam district. As it is a major industrial hub, it comes with
several public utility services that are needed for the smooth
functioning of business and makes the day to day life easier for the
people living here. Let’s see here some of the public utility services
that are available in Kalamassery.
Kalamassery is governed by municipality and the address of Kalamassery municipality is
Kalamassery is also supplied with electricity by the Kerala State
Electricity Board which started functioning since 1957. The official
website of the electricity board is www.kseb.in. Kalamassery falls under
Ernakulam district and the address of the electricity board office in
Water supply in Kerala is regulated by the Kerala Water Authority
who also manages the sewage water. River Periyar water is supplied
through various pipes in Kalamassery. The head office of KWA is located
Thiruvananthapuram 695 033
The KWA was found in the year 1984 and it serves as an autonomous
body of Kerala State Government. The official website of Kerala Water
Authority is www.kwa.kerala.gov.in.
There are several public and private banks available in Kalamassery. Let’s see here some of the banks in Kalamassery.
Private telecom companies also operate in Kalamassery. It is to be noted that Vodafone’s head office is located in Kalamassery.
Ernakulam 683 104
How to Reach Kalamassery
Kalamassery is well connected by road to other parts of the city
and state. KSRTC as well as private bus services are available in
Kalamassery. The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport which
is situated at 19.8 Km from Kalamassery. Cochin City Railway Junction is
the major railway junction available for Kalamassery.